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  • Writer's pictureErin West

20 Prepositional Verbs, Exercises, and a Quiz to Improve Your English Grammar Skills


Match the verbs with the prepositions
Prepositional Verbs: match the verbs with the prepositions

Prepositional Verbs Versus Phrasal Verbs


Prepositional verbs and phrasal verbs are both types of multi-word verbs, but they differ in how they are formed and the role of the components. Here's the difference:


1. Phrasal Verbs


Phrasal verbs consist of a main verb and one or more particles (usually prepositions or adverbs). The particle(s) change(s) the meaning of the main verb. The verb and particles create a phrase with a new idiomatic meaning.


Example:

TAKE OFF = to become airborne (verb: "take," particle: "off")

The plane has just taken off.

The meaning of "take off" differs from the individual meanings of "take" and "off." The combination of the verb and particle creates a new meaning.


KEEP UP WITH something = to stay informed or updated about something (verb: "keep," particle: "up," preposition "with")

She reads the news every day to keep up with current events in the world.

The meaning of "keep up with" differs from the individual meanings of "keep," "up," and "with." Together the verb and particles create a unique meaning.


2. Prepositional Verbs


Prepositional verbs consist of a main verb and a preposition, which work together to convey a specific meaning. The preposition is typically followed by a noun or pronoun. The preposition in a prepositional verb does not change the verb's meaning but rather adds a specific detail.


Example:

COMPLAIN ABOUT something (verb: "complain," preposition: "about")

Many of our clients have recently complained about poor customer service.

The meaning of "complain about" doesn't really differ from the meaning of the verb "complain," but rather adds a detail, introducing the reason why someone complained.


ACCUSE OF something = (verb: "accuse," preposition: "of")

He was accused of stealing his coworker's laptop, but he denied any involvement.

The meaning of "accuse of" doesn't really differ from the meaning of the verb "accuse," but rather adds details, saying what the reason for the accusation was.


The key distinction between phrasal and prepositional verbs is that phrasal verbs involve adverbs or prepositions that alter the meaning of the main verb, often in an idiomatic way. On the other hand, prepositional verbs involve a preposition and an object that complement the main verb without altering its meaning as drastically as phrasal verbs.


six prepositional verbs rely on, agree with, contribute to, complain about, confide in, comply with
Six Prepositional Verbs

20 Essential Prepositional Verbs, Exercises and a Quiz


Let's look at other examples of prepositional verbs.


Part 1. Match the verbs below with their prepositions:


, adapt to, collaborate with, invest in, negotiate with, succeed in, strive for, lead to, comply with, rely on, long for
10 Essential Prepositional Verbs, Part 1

Complete the gaps in the sentences with the correct preposition or the correct form of verb:


  1. We collaborate ___ industry leaders to stay competitive and to innovate.

  2. We comply ___ all regulatory requirements to ensure our business operates ethically.

  3. We ______ for excellence in customer service to maintain a strong reputation.

  4. They rely ___ data-driven decisions for strategic planning.

  5. Her dedication and hard work allowed her to _____ in her career goals.

  6. A healthy lifestyle _____ to a longer and happier life.

  7. He longs ___ the simplicity of his childhood, free from the complexities of adult life.


Part 2. Match the verbs below with their prepositions:


10 prepositional verbs, benefit from, conform to, deviate from, cope with, aspire to, acquiesce in, reconcile with, confer with, participate in, apologize for
10 Essential Prepositional Verbs, Part 2

Match the verbs with their definitions:

BENEFIT FROM

A. to resolve differences and reestablish a positive relationship

CONFORM TO

B. to have ambitious goals or desires

DEVIATE FROM

C. to take part in an activity or event

COPE WITH

D. to do something in differently, for ex., from the expected or standard course or behavior

ASPIRE TO

E. to have a discussion with someone, especially to seek advice or make decisions

ACQUIESCE IN

F. to gain an advantage from a particular situation

RECONCILE WITH

G. to say you're sorry for something

CONFER WITH

H. to follow established rules or standards or expectations

PARTICIPATE IN

I. to effectively manage challenging situations

APOLOGIZE FOR

J. to passively agree to something


QUIZ - 20 Prepositional Verbs

See the downloadable worksheet below:


QUIZ - 20 PREPOSITIONAL VERBS
.pdf
Download PDF • 56KB


 

Answers:

Part 1.

10 Essential Prepositional Verbs, Part 1

Complete the gaps in the sentences:

  1. We collaborate WITH industry leaders to stay competitive and to innovate.

  2. We comply WITH all regulatory requirements to ensure our business operates ethically.

  3. We STRIVE for excellence in customer service to maintain a strong reputation.

  4. They rely ON data-driven decisions for strategic planning.

  5. Her dedication and hard work allowed her to SUCCEED in her career goals.

  6. A healthy lifestyle LEADS to a longer and happier life.

  7. He longs FOR the simplicity of his childhood, free from the complexities of adult life.

Part 2.

10 Essential Prepositional Verbs, Part 2

Match with the definitions:


BENEFIT FROM - F

CONFORM TO - H

DEVIATE FROM - D

COPE WITH - I

ASPIRE TO - B

ACQUIESCE IN - J

RECONCILE WITH - A

CONFER WITH - E

PARTICIPATE IN - C

APOLOGIZE FOR - G



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